LGHK - Lam Family Hung Kyun

 

Siu Lam Hung Ga Gung Fu 少林洪家拳術 is one of the most famous schools of southern Chinese martial arts, Naam Kyun 南拳 (lit. "southern fist"). According to traditional history, HG belongs to the 5 "family" styles of southern Chinese province of Gwongdung 廣東, which originated in southern Fukgin Siulam (Shaolin) temple 福建少林寺 - the four other styles are Lau Ga 劉家, Choi Ga 蔡家, Lei Ga 李家 and Mok Ga . 

HG is a system of real self-defense. One of the most famous masters of HG and southern Gung Fu 功夫, Wong Feihung 黃飛鴻, taught martial arts to the navy forces of Gwongjau (廣州 Canton City). He also instructed the police, the army and the civil military forces of Gwongdung 廣東 province. His disciple Lam Saiwing 林世榮, the first patriarch of Lam Family Hung Kyun (Lam Ga Hung Kyun, LGHK 家洪) worked as chief combat instructor of the army of Fukgin (Fujian) 福建 province and later as an instructor of the Hong Kong 香港 markets` security service.

Grandmaster Lam Chun Sing and sifu Pavel MacekHowever, the fighting (self-defense) aspect in LGHK is not over -emphasised at the expense of other aspects such as health and spirituality. Specific strengthening methods, stretching, relaxation and breathing exercises of LGHK are consistent with the concepts of traditional Chinese and modern western medicine.

LGHK is a system based upon the principles of yin and yang (Cantonese: yam and yeung ). It incorporates both long range techniques with wide stances (cheung kiu daai ma 長橋大馬, "long bridge, big horse") and short range techniques with high, narrow stances (dyun kiu jaak ma 短橋窄馬, "short bridge, narrow horse"). The curriculum consists of hard and soft techniqes, straight and circular techniques, long, middle and short range combat, self-defense against unarmed and armed opponents and combat with and without weapons.

LGHK puts a firm emphasis on developing a good foundation. The typical features of LGHK are stable stances and agile footwork, using the waist corectly, proper breathing methods and usage of concentrated "Gung Fu" power. The system of Hung family uses a combination of 4 main offensive techniques, "tek da syut na 踢打摔拿":

  • kicking (tek ): straight, side, roundhouse, knee etc.
  • striking (da ): fist, palm, edge of the palm, fingers, forearms, elbows etc.
  • throwing (syut ): sweeps, throws, falls etc.
  • holding (na ): holds, joint-locks, vital points attacks etc.

System of LGHK is also known as the "Tiger and Crane System"(Fu Hok Paai 虎鶴). However, the complete LGHK arsenal includes:

  • five animals (ng ying 五形): dragon (lung ), snake (se ), tiger (fu ), leopard (paau ) and crane (hok )
  • five elements (ng hang 五行): gold (gam ), wood (muk ), water (seui ), fire (fo ) and earth (tou )
  • 12 bridge hands (sap yi kiu sau 十二橋手): gong , yau , bik , jik , fan , ding , chyun , tai , lau , wan , jai and ding

As the classical Gung Fu 功夫 proverb goes: "It is better to learn one technique and practice it ten times than learn ten techniques and practice each of them only once". LGHK concentrates not on the quantity of techniques, but variability, flexibility and universal usage of the techniques, combat tactic and strategy. Apart from the "technical" aspect (faat), training of LGHK concentrates more on "skill" aspect" (gung ) - power, speed, timing, spacing, feeling etc. In other words - it is not important "to know techniques", but "to have Gung Fu 功夫".